The Glass Reactor is a generic term for a type of vessel widely used in the process industries. It is used for a variety of process operations such as dissolution of solids, product mixing, chemical reactions, batch distillation, crystallization, extraction and polymerization.
What is a glass reactor?
A typical glass reactor consists of a glass vessel with an agitator and integral heating/cooling system. The borosilicate glass vessels come with sizes from 50ml up to 200L. Liquids or solids are feed via connections at the top cover of the reactor. Vapors are discharged through the connections at the top and the wastes are usually discharged out from the bottom.The advantages of the glass reactor lie with its versatility and visibility. A single vessel system can carry out a sequence of different operations without the need to break containment which is useful when processing toxic or highly potent compounds.
Actually,glass reactor is only a kind of the reactors which concludes glasses lined reactor,Hydrothermal synthesis reactor,Magnetic stirring reactor,Electric heating reactor,steam reactor and so on.but the most commonly used is glass reactor.glasses reactor has the advantage of no pollution,high temperature and corrosion resistance,hygiene fast heating etc.the basic principle of the glass reactor is to stir the reaction and control the reflux and evaporation of the solution in the sealed container under the set constant temperature and normal pressure or negative pressure.There are three kinds of glass reactor which are single-layer glass reactor,double-layer glass reactor and three-layer glass reactor.
The application of glass reactor
The application of the glass reactor can be concluded as follows:high temperature reaction(the max temperature can reach 300℃),low temperature reaction(the min temperature can reach -80℃),Vacuum for negative pressure reaction,Solvent synthesis at constant temperature,distillation and reflux reaction,vacuum distillation reaction,extraction separation reaction,purified reaction,concentration reaction,stirring reaction etc.users can adjust the temperature and pressure to adopt to different experimental environment according to different operation conditions and requirement.